The Need for Multi-Owners Corporations and Why There’s an OC1, OC2, & OC3

Multi Owners Corporation

Why the need for an owners corporation in the first place? An owners corporation is created for the purposes of administering and managing shared property.

Freestanding House (Torrens Title)

The great Australian dream was traditionally the suburban house on a quarter acre block. Having your own house and land also means that there is no common property or shared assets – well maybe perhaps just the fence you shared with your neighbours.

Fences in Victoria are covered by the Fences Act 1968 (see below), and fencing disputes can actually be quite common.

Owners Corporations in Multi-Dwelling Buildings (or Offices)

In an apartment building – the hallways, stairways, lifts, gardens, the physical building itself, and the land the building stands is common property. It is the owners corporation that owns the common property with each owner in the building being a member of that owners corporation.

An owners corporation is created when the plan of subdivision is registered. Where there is just the one owners corporation, it is called Owners Corporation No. 1 (in Victoria).

Owners Corporation No. 1 is the unlimited owners corporation that typically owns the land, the building, and all the common property. Every lot owner will be a member of Owners Corporation No. 1 (OC1).

So When and Where Does the Need for Multiple Owners Corporations Arise?

In the above Plan of Subdivision – a building of 27 apartments and 1 commercial shop on the ground was created to contain only one owners corporation. This oversight by the surveyor and developer ultimately created a lot of issues for the apartments owners and the shop owner.

The shop owner was happy about having to contribute to the servicing costs of the lift and car stacker units – given that he was on the ground floor and actually didn’t have use or access to the residential lift lobby.

Multi Dwelling Buildings, Multi-Owners Corporation

Conversely, the apartment owners were unhappy about their waste removal costs being higher as having the commercial café meant that the building required more regular waste collection.

Free Standing House, Multi-Owners Corporation

The owners corporation management company we helped the Committee transition to ultimately mediated between the parties and come with some resolutions that fairly allocated costs (effectively on a “user pays basis”).

Admittedly, these are not big numbers in the scheme of things but in our experience it’s always the principle of the thing that upsets people.

Setting Up a New Owners Corporation (or Multiple Owners Corporations)

The correct set-up or a better approach, might have been the creation of 3 owners corporations (i.e. a multiple owners corporation building):

  1. Owners Corporation No. 1 (OC1, the unlimited owners corporation) would be the legal entity that owns the land, the building, and common property shared by the residential owners and commercial owners. OC1 would also house expenses and contracts such as the building insurance, caretaking/cleaning, and common utilities;
  2. Owners Corporation No. 2 (OC2, limited owners corporation) would house expenses relating to just the residential lot owners such as the lift servicing and car stacker servicing; and
  3. Owners Corporation No. 3 (OC3, limited owners corporation) would house expenses relating to just the commercial lot owners such as the separate waste collection and the maintenance/cleaning of the grease trap.

Multiple owners corporations are also utilised when there’s separate buildings and in staged developments. It’s pretty common to see multiple owners corporations when buildings start to have more than 60 or 70 lot owners.

The Plan of Subdivision or rather the OC1 Report (obtainable from Landata Victoria) will always tell you when there’s multiple owners corporation involved:

New Owners Corporation, Multi-Owners Corporation

Having said that there are certainly examples (especially in broad-acre estates) whereby 500 or more lot owners are all grouped together under one owners corporation. We have also worked with Committees where there might only be 100 lot owners but there exists 10 owners corporations.

Management of Multiple Owners Corporations

 Managing multi-OC’s can present it’s own set of challenges. It’s worth noting that each owners corporation (within a multiple owners corporation configuration) is a legal entity in its own right – in that it can open and operate a bank account, enter into contracts, and hold meetings.

Ultimately, this also means each and every Owners Corporation will effectively have its own set of lot owners / members, elect its own strata management Committee, hold its own Annual General Meeting, and have its set of funds and accounts.

We might write another article on the Challenges of Managing Multi-OC Buildings.

Fencing legislation in Victoria:

Owners Corporation legislation in Victoria:

How to Change Owners Corporation Management Companies?

Strata Management Consultants ™  has been helping and guiding Committees on how to change owners corporation management companies since January 2014. We guide you through the process of changing body corporate management company and everything is done according to the body corporate rules and regulations. Speak to a Strata Consultant about changing owners corporation managers on 1300 917 848 or email us at


The contents of this article or website are only intended to provide a general overview of the topics discussed. The author of this article makes no representations as to the accuracy or completeness of any information and the information is not intended to constitute investment, legal or professional advice. You should seek professional advice before acting or relying on any of the content. This article does not contain references to any specific company, organisation or individual, unless expressly specified.
May 26, 2020
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